Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a condition that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth. Symptoms of periodontal disease include bleeding, swollen and painful gums, bad breath, deep toothache, and in more advanced cases, the appearance of pus. If these symptoms are noticed, it is important to see a periodontist as soon as possible to prevent the further development of the disease.
During the first visit, the periodontist will examine the tissues around the tooth using a special tool called a periodontal probe and will diagnose the disease based on the extent of the damage. If the damage is shallow, gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums, is usually diagnosed. If left untreated or recurring often, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious disease that affects the deep tissues of the tooth pocket, including the gums, surrounding tissues of the tooth root, and the jawbone.
Based on the results of the examination, panoramic X-ray photographs, and the patient’s symptoms, the periodontist will determine the best treatment method. Conservative treatment methods, such as professional oral hygiene, removal of plaque and tartar, and cleaning the tooth pocket, are used when the effects of the disease are not irreversible. In more advanced cases, surgical treatment may be necessary to remove plaque and tartar deep under the gums, correct damaged jawbone, or remove teeth that can no longer be kept stable in the jaw.
After completing a course of treatment, it is important for the patient to continue to work with the periodontist and follow their instructions for proper oral care to prevent the recurrence of the disease. This includes regular professional oral hygiene every 3-6 months, taking oral probiotics, and regular check-ups with the periodontist. The joint efforts of the patient and the periodontist are aimed at protecting the patient’s teeth and preventing tooth loss.
Periodontal patients in our clinic are taken care of by a dentist – periodontist Adomas Rovas. He has 7 years of work experience and is a member of the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and the Student Research Association of the American Dental Association (SCADA), the latter in 2017. awarded the prestigious “Henry M. Thornton” (USA) incentive scholarship for doctoral studies.